人教版八年级英语下册第七单元训练题(含剖析与谜底)_乐鱼体育官网登录
作者:leyu乐鱼体育官网 发布时间:2021-11-13 19:09
本文摘要:人教版八年级英语下册第七单元训练题(含剖析与谜底)第Ⅰ卷(选择题)一.选择题(共15小题)1.When the tourists first go to Tibet,they might find it hard to air.( )A.take inB.take outC.take awayD.take off2.As we know,the Huanghe River is one of rivers in our country.( )A.longB.longerC.

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人教版八年级英语下册第七单元训练题(含剖析与谜底)第Ⅰ卷(选择题)一.选择题(共15小题)1.When the tourists first go to Tibet,they might find it hard to air.( )A.take inB.take outC.take awayD.take off2.As we know,the Huanghe River is one of rivers in our country.( )A.longB.longerC.longestD.the longest3.In order to pass the exam,You need to work much ________now.( )A.hardB.harderC.hardestD.hardly4.Mr.Wang is very friendly to us.He is______of all the persons I know.( )A.patientB.less patientC.more patientD.the most patient5.As the ___________ girl in our class,Mary was chosen to take part in the running race.( )A.kindestB.fastestC.strictestD.cleverest6.I have been to quite a few restaurants,but I can say this one is .( )A.goodB.betterC.the betterD.the best7.A journey by train is than by coach.( )A.more relaxingB.relaxingC.most relaxingD.the most relaxing8.Yibin is one of the most beautiful ____in Sichuan.( )A.cityB.citiesC.citys9.Try to keep as as you can when you are in the library.( )A.quietB.quietlyC.noisy10.The world's river is the Nile,which is about 6,671kilometers long.( )A.longB.longerC.longestD.the longest11.Who was the first woman the top of Qomolangma?( )A.reachB.to reachC.reachedD.to reaching12.We must realize the importance of______the endangered animals.( )A.savedB.savesC.savingD.to save13.Tony plays games all day and he doesn't realize the of studying.( )A.importanceB.importantC.heathD.healthy14.The whales are endangered animals.We should protect them being killed.( )A.toB.ofC.forD.from15.It's hard to air if you stand on the lop of a high mountain.( )A.take afterB.take offC.take inD.take to第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)二.补全对话(共1小题)16.从方框中选择最佳选项完成对话.Teacher:Does anyone know how heavy a cat is?Boy:I think(1)Teacher:And (2)Girl:Only a few grams,I'm sure.Teacher:Right.So…A cat weighs many times more than an insect.Girl:And what about the difference between a dog and a giant panda in size?Teacher:Well,(3) But I would say that a big dog is just less than half the size of a giant panda.Boy:I have a question!(4)Teacher:No,that's a giant turtle.But a man can live for nearly a hundred years nowadays.That's quite long.Boy:And (5) Can it live as long as a man?Teacher:No,a butterfly only lives for a few days.Girl:What a short life!Teacher:Yes,many insects have very short lives.三.完形填空(共1小题)17.Natural resources are things that we use that come from Earth.Our natural resources are limited(有限的).This means that they will not(1) forever.Some are renewable(可更新的),like when you(2) one down,you plant a new tree.Others are not renewable,like when you dig coal(煤)out of the(3) .once it is used,it is gone.People realize the(4) that Earth's natural resources are limited,and can do things to help conserve(节约)those resources.(5) you try to conserve a natural resource,you try to use less of it,so it does not get used up so(6) .One way that people conserve fuel(燃料),like gasoline,is by riding a bicycle or walking when the(7) is short instead of driving everywhere.Water is a very important natural resource because we all need it to stay(8) .We can conserve water(9) making sure that our pipes and taps do not leak(漏).We can also make(10) choices to conserve water,like only using the dishwasher or washing machine when they are full.Everyone can make contributions to protecting natural resources.四.阅读明白(共1小题)18.Tom was three years old.He liked to watch,TV with his parents after supper,but his parents never let him stay long.Mother would say,"It's eight o'clock flow.It's time for you to go to bed,Tom.""But why don't you go to bed,too?"Tom always asked."We are adults,"Mother would say."And adult s go to bed late."One evening Tom asked his mother for an apple."But it's too late,"his mother didn't want to give him anything to eat at bedtime."The apples are already asleep.''"But not all of them,Morn,"Tom said."The baby apples are perhaps asleep,but their parents are surely awake.''1.Tom liked to watch TV with his parents .A.in the morningB.after supperC.in the afternoonD.before supper2.Tom'parents never let him .A.stay longB.watch TVC.eat applesD.go to bed before eight3.One evening Tom asked his mother for .A.an orangeB.an eggC.an appleD.a pear4.Why did Tom's mother say apples were asleep?A.Because she didn't have any apples.B.Because Tom was only a child.C.Because apples were adults,not children.D.Because she didn't want him to eat anything at bedtime.5.What kind of boy do you think Tom was?A.He was a quiet boy.B.He was a clever boy.C.He was an outgoing boy.D.He was a lazy boy.人教版八年级英语下册第七单元训练题(含剖析与谜底)一.选择题(共15小题)1.When the tourists first go to Tibet,they might find it hard to air.( )A.take inB.take outC.take awayD.take off【分析】当游客第一次去西藏的时候,他们可能会以为很难呼吸空气.【解答】谜底:A 分析句子,联合选项,推测意思是当游客第一次去西藏的时候,他们可能会以为很难呼吸空气.故选A吸入,呼吸.B拿出,取出,C带走,D脱下,起飞.【点评】解答这类试题时,务必充实明白上下文的语境和前后文的逻辑关系,找到解题的依据,同时正确区分选项的细微差异,准确作答.2.As we know,the Huanghe River is one of rivers in our country.( )A.longB.longerC.longestD.the longest【分析】众所周知,黄河是我们国家最长的河流之一.【解答】谜底:D 凭据in our country可知,此处表现比力的规模是"在我们国家",要用形容词的最高级;"最…之一"的表达形式:one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数形式+in/of/at+比力的规模.句中long的最高级形式是longest,而且形容词最高级前要加定冠词the,故选D.【点评】考察形容词副词的比力品级的用法题目,首先要判断要选的词性,其次要凭据句子结构,判断适当的形式,确定是用原级,比力级,还

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是最高级.3.In order to pass the exam,You need to work much ________now.( )A.hardB.harderC.hardestD.hardly【分析】为了通过考试,你现在需要学习越发努力.【解答】谜底:B.凭据In order to pass the exam,You need to work much ________now可知,为了通过考试,你现在需要学习越发努力,这是现在和已往之间的比力,应该用比力级形式;又凭据much+形容词或副词的比力级,表现"更…",此处应该是副词hard比力级形式harder修饰动词短语work,此处意思是"学习更努力",故选B.【点评】注意英语中有些词用来修饰形容词或副词的比力级形式,这些词有much/a little/even/far/a lot等.4.Mr.Wang is very friendly to us.He is______of all the persons I know.( )A.patientB.less patientC.more patientD.the most patient【分析】王先生对我们很是友好.他是我认识的所有人当中最有耐心的.【解答】谜底:D 句子中"…of all the persons…"这里of all…表现比力的规模,三者以上比力,形容词要用最高级,patient为多音节词,其最高级要用the most patient.故选:D.【点评】考察形容词的最高级,明白句子的意思,抓住比力工具,三者以上比力,形容词要用最高级,同时要注意比力品级的组成.5.As the ___________ girl in our class,Mary was chosen to take part in the running race.( )A.kindestB.fastestC.strictestD.cleverest【分析】作为我们班里最快的女孩.麦瑞被选去到场跑步角逐.【解答】谜底:B凭据选项及比力规模in our class知为最高级.再凭据下文Mary was chosen to take part in the running race(麦瑞被选去到场跑步角逐),知她是班里最快的女孩,选项A:最善良的,最美意的;选项B:最快的;选项C:最严格的;选项D:最智慧的.故选B.【点评】此题重在考察语境中最高级的选择.考生需牢记单词意思并能凭据句中关键词来作答.6.I have been to quite a few restaurants,but I can say this one is .( )A.goodB.betterC.the betterD.the best【分析】我去过许多餐馆,可是我可以说这家是最好的.【解答】谜底:D.凭据比力规模 quite a few restaurants"许多餐馆"可知这里要用形容词的最高级,句意是"我去过许多餐馆,可是我可以说这家是最好的.",good的最高级是best,且最高级前要加the.故选:D.【点评】本题考察形容词的最高级,联合句意和比力规模,确定形容词的比力品级,三者以上比力,要用形容词的最高级7.A journey by train is than by coach.( )A.more relaxingB.relaxingC.most relaxingD.the most relaxing【分析】坐火车旅行比坐大巴旅行越发令人轻松.【解答】谜底:A凭据句中的than,可知此处需要形容词的比力级.即:坐火车旅行和坐大巴旅行 举行比力,relaxing的比力级是 more relaxing;故选A【点评】本题考察比力级.找准比力级的标志词than是做题的关键.8.Yibin is one of the most beautiful ____in Sichuan.( )A.cityB.citiesC.citys【分析】在四川,宜宾是最漂亮的都会之一.【解答】谜底:B 凭据"one of the most beautiful…"可知本句是最高级的句子,表现宜宾是最漂亮的都会之一.one of后应用名词的复数形式.city为可数名词,且是以辅音+y末端的单词,故变复数时应该把y变为i加es.故其复数形式为cities.故选B.【点评】本题考察名词的复数形式.首先找到one of是做题的关键,只有在复数之中才气挑出之一.其次要能正确写出单词的复数形式.9.Try to keep as as you can when you are in the library.( )A.quietB.quietlyC.noisy【分析】当你在图书馆时尽可能保持平静.【解答】谜底:A 分析句子,联合选项,推测意思是当你在图书馆时尽可能保持平静.这里考察as…as sb.can的用法.前面是系动词,后面需要用形容词,故选A平静的.B平静地,副词,C喧华的.【点评】解答这类试题时,务必充实明白上下文的语境和前后文的逻辑关系,找到解题的依据,同时正确区分选项的细微差异,准确作答.10.The world's river is the Nile,which is about 6,671kilometers long.( )A.longB.longerC.longestD.the longest【分析】世界上最长的河流是尼罗河,它长约6671千米.【解答】谜底:C.凭据the Nile,可知这里指的是尼罗河,而尼罗河是世界上最长的河流,所以句子使用最高级,前面有了the,直接用longest即可.故选C.【点评】本题考察形容词的比力级和最高级,先凭据比力规模判断用比力级还是最高级,再凭据情景确定正确谜底.11.Who was the first woman the top of Qomolangma?( )A.reachB.to reachC.reachedD.to reaching【分析】谁是第一个到达珠穆朗玛峰顶端的女人?【解答】谜底:B.凭据Who was the first woman the top of Qomolangma,可知谁是第一个到达珠穆朗玛峰顶端的女人?这里the first woman to do sth表现做某事的第一个女人.故选B.【点评】本题考察了动词不定式的用法.不定式是中考的必考考点.动词不定式在句子中可以做主语,谓语,宾语,定语,状语,宾语补足语等等,解答时应注意正确使用动词不定式.12.We must realize the importance of______the endangered animals.( )A.savedB.savesC.savingD.to save【分析】我们必须认识到拯救濒危动物的重要性.【解答】谜底:C 考察动名词.凭据题干,of是介词,后面要用名词或动名词,故谜底是C【点评】考察动名词.准确的翻译句子与备选谜底的动词用法区别,联合句意,选出切合句意的选项是做此类题的关键.13.Tony plays games all day and he doesn't realize the of studying.( )A.importanceB.importantC.heathD.healthy【分析】托尼整天玩游戏,他没有意识到学习的重要性.【解答】谜底:A.考察名词.句意"托尼整天玩游戏,他没有意识到学习的重要性.".A重要性.B重要的.C康健.C康健的.联合语境"托尼整天玩游戏,他没有意识到学习的__.".可知,应该是the importance of"…的重要性".选A.【点评】名词的用法比力广泛,要凭据提示,联合详细语境,仔细分析,运用正确形式完成试题.14.The whales are endangered animals.We should protect them being killed.( )A.toB.ofC.forD.from【分析】鲸是濒危动物,我们应该掩护它们免受杀害.【解答】谜底.D 分析句子,联合选项,推测意思是鲸是濒危动物,我们应该掩护它们免受杀害.故这里考察短语protect…from"掩护…免受…".故选D.【点评】解答这类试题时,务必充实明白上下文的语境和前后文的逻辑关系,找到解题的依据,同时正确区分选项的细微差异,准确作答.15.It's hard to air if you stand on the lop of a high mountain.( )A.take afterB.take offC.take inD.take to【分析】如果你站在一座高山的山坡上,就很难呼吸空气.【解答】谜底:C.考察牢固短语.句意:如果你站在一座高山的山坡上,就很难呼吸空气.take after与…相像;take off脱下,起飞;take in吸收;take to开始从事.凭据题干It's hard to air if you stand on the lop of a high mountain.可知如果你站在一座高山的山坡上,就很难呼吸空气.故选C.【点评】明白各个选项的寄义,凭据详细内容作答.二.补全对话(共1小题)16.从方框中选择最佳选项完成对话.Teacher:Does anyone know how heavy a cat is?Boy:I think(1) ETeacher:And (2) DGirl:Only a few grams,I'm sure.Teacher:Right.So…A cat weighs many times more than an insect.Girl:And what about the difference between a dog and a giant panda in size?Teacher:Well,(3) C But I would say that a big dog is just less than half the size of a giant panda.Boy:I have a question!(4) ATeacher:No,that's a giant turtle.But a man can live for nearly a hundred years nowadays.That's quite long.Boy:And (5) B Can it live as long as a man?Teacher:No,a butterfly only lives for a few days.Girl:What a short life!Teacher:Yes,many insects have very short lives.【分析】全文大意:Teacher:有人知道一只猫多重吗?Boy:我想一只普通的猫约莫几公斤重.Teacher:一只昆虫有多重?Girl:我相信只有几克重.Teacher:对.所以一只猫的重量是一只昆虫的好几倍.Girl:一只狗和一个大熊猫之间的重量差异呢?Teacher:这取决于是多大的狗.可是我想说一只大型的狗的重量不到一只大熊猫重量的一半.Boy:我有一个问题!人类是世界上寿命最长的生物吗?Teacher:不,是大海龟.可是如今人类险些可以生活100年.那是相当长的.Boy:一只蝴蝶可以生活多长时间?它可以和人类生活的一样长吗?Teacher:不,蝴蝶只能存活几天.Girl:何等短暂的生命啊!Teacher:是的许多昆虫只有很是短暂的生命.【解答】谜底:1、E 考察文章的明白和上下文的联系 凭据上文Does anyone know how heavy a cat is?可知询问一只猫的重量?对照选项可回覆为:an ordinary cat weighs about a few kilos."我想一只普通的猫约莫几公斤重."故选E2、D 考察文章的明白和上下文的联系 凭据下文Only a few grams,I'm sure.可知学生回覆"我相信只有几克重."对照选项可推知询问how much does an insect weigh?"一只昆虫有多重?"故选D3、C 考察文章的明白和上下文的联系 凭据上文And

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what about the difference between a dog and a giant panda in size?可知询问一只狗和一个大熊猫之间的重量差异?对照选项可回覆为it depends on what kind of dog it is."这取决于是多大的狗."故选C4、A 考察文章的明白和上下文的联系 凭据下文No,that's a giant turtle.可知回覆为:不,是大海龟.对照选项可知询问Is man the longest living animal in the world?"人类是世界上寿命最长的生物吗?"故选A5、B 考察文章的明白和上下文的联系 凭据下文No,a butterfly only lives for a few days.可知回覆为:不,蝴蝶只能存活几天.可推知询问蝴蝶生存多长时间?对照选项可询问how long can a butterfly live?"只蝴蝶可以生活多长时间?"故选B【点评】本题考察的是情景外交,做这种题的关键是要联系上下文选择合适的选项,使文章连领悟顺三.完形填空(共1小题)17.Natural resources are things that we use that come from Earth.Our natural resources are limited(有限的).This means that they will not(1) A forever.Some are renewable(可更新的),like when you(2) B one down,you plant a new tree.Others are not renewable,like when you dig coal(煤)out of the(3) C .once it is used,it is gone.People realize the(4) D that Earth's natural resources are limited,and can do things to help conserve(节约)those resources.(5) A you try to conserve a natural resource,you try to use less of it,so it does not get used up so(6) D .One way that people conserve fuel(燃料),like gasoline,is by riding a bicycle or walking when the(7) D is short instead of driving everywhere.Water is a very important natural resource because we all need it to stay(8) A .We can conserve water(9) C making sure that our pipes and taps do not leak(漏).We can also make(10) C choices to conserve water,like only using the dishwasher or washing machine when they are full.Everyone can make contributions to protecting natural resources.【分析】本文叙述了我们的自然资源是有限的,不会永远有.有些自然资源是可再生的,有些是不行再生的.人们意识到自然资源是有限的,人们可以做一些事情来节约它们.每小我私家都可以为节约自然资源做出一份孝敬.【解答】1:A.考察动词及语境的明白.A.last 连续; B.spread 流传; C.burn 燃烧;D.change改变.凭据Our natural resources are limited(有限的)可知我们的自然资源是有限的,会用完的,不会永远有.故选A.句意:他们不能永远连续下去.2:B.考察动词及语境的明白.A.turn 转动; B.cut 切割; C.put 放下; D.move移动.cut down砍下.凭据 plant a new tree可知此处指的是砍下一棵树,再种一棵.故选B.句意:当你砍下一棵树,你可以再种一棵.3:C.考察名词及语境的明白.A.station 车站; B.building 修建物;C.ground 地面; D.brick砖.联合知识,煤是埋在地下,故选C.句意:当你从地下挖出煤.4:D.考察名词及语境的明白.A.news 新闻; B.plan 计划; C.decision 决议;D.fact事实.凭据 Earth's natural resources are limited,可知自然资源是有限的,这是一个事实,故选D.句意:人们意识到地球的自然资源是有限的.5:A.考察连词及语境的明白.A.When 当…时候; B.Although只管; C.Whatever 无论什么; D.Whether是否.you try to conserve a natural resource,you try to use less of it表现要节约一种自然资源时,故选A.句意:当你想要节约一种自然资源,你要努力少用它.6:D.考察副词及语境的明白.A.slowly 慢地; B.hard 努力地; C.regularly 有纪律地; D.fast快地. 凭据 Earth's natural resources are limited,you try to use less of it,可知自然资源是有限的,少用一些,它就被用光的速度慢一些.故选D.句意:这样它才不会那么快的被用光.7:D.考察名词及语境的明白.A.money钱; B.space 空间; C.place 地方; D.distance距离.凭据by riding a bicycle or walking 可知能骑自行车或步行的地方,距离应是较短的.故选D.句意:当距离近时,可以骑自行车或步行,而不是随处开车去.8:A.考察形容词及语境的明白.A.alive 在世的; B.alone 独自的; C.asleep 睡着的; D.awake醒着的.stay alive在世,联合知识Water is a very important natural resource because we all need it to stay人在世离不开水,故选A.句意:水是一种很是重要的自然资源,因为我们需要它来在世.9:C.考察介词及语境的明白.A.about 关于;B.for 为了; C.by 通过; D.with用.by+doing sth.通过做某事.凭据making sure可知此处用介词by,故选C.句意:我们可以通过确保水管和水龙头不漏水,来节约水.10:C.考察形容词及语境的明白.A.generous 慷慨的,大方的;B.funny 滑稽的; C.wise 明智的;D.surprising令人惊讶的.凭据to conserve water,可知此处指的是节约水的好选择,故选C.句意:我们可以做出明智的选择来节约水.【点评】完形填空题必须举行通篇思量,掌握大意,综合所学词法、句法和知识举行分析判断,最后再检查.四.阅读明白(共1小题)18.Tom was three years old.He liked to watch,TV with his parents after supper,but his parents never let him stay long.Mother would say,"It's eight o'clock flow.It's time for you to go to bed,Tom.""But why don't you go to bed,too?"Tom always asked."We are adults,"Mother would say."And adult s go to bed late."One evening Tom asked his mother for an apple."But it's too late,"his mother didn't want to give him anything to eat at bedtime."The apples are already asleep.''"But not all of them,Morn,"Tom said."The baby apples are perhaps asleep,but their parents are surely awake.''1.Tom liked to watch TV with his parents B .A.in the morningB.after supperC.in the afternoonD.before supper2.Tom'parents never let him A .A.stay longB.watch TVC.eat applesD.go to bed before eight3.One evening Tom asked his mother for C .A.an orangeB.an eggC.an appleD.a pear4.Why did Tom's mother say apples were asleep? DA.Because she didn't have any apples.B.Because Tom was only a child.C.Because apples were adults,not children.D.Because she didn't want him to eat anything at bedtime.5.What kind of boy do you think Tom was? BA.He was a quiet boy.B.He was a clever boy.C.He was an outgoing boy.D.He was a lazy boy.【分析】文章大意:汤姆三岁了.他喜欢和他的怙恃晚饭后看电视,但他怙恃不让他呆很长时间,可是汤姆总是问为什么你们看,母亲告诉他成人可以看,有一天他向妈妈要苹果,妈妈不想让他晚上吃工具,就说苹果宝宝睡着了,可是汤姆说苹果怙恃还没睡.【解答】l.B 细节明白题.由第一段的He liked to watch TV with his parents after supper,可知,汤姆喜欢晚饭后和怙恃一起看电视.故选B.2.A 细节明白题.由第一段的but his parents never let him stay long.可知,怙恃不让他看很长时间.故选A.3.C 细节明白题.由第四段的One evening Toml asked his mother for an apple.可知,汤姆想要一个苹果.故选C.4.D 细节明白题.由第五段的his mother didn't want to give him anything to eat at bedtime."The apples are already asleep."可知,妈妈说苹果睡了,是因为她不想让他在睡觉时间吃工具.故选D.5.B 推理判断题.由最后一句"The baby apples are perhaps asleep,but their parents are surely awake.阅读漫笔可知,妈妈原来告诉汤姆.小孩应该早睡,成年人可以晚睡;汤姆要苹果时,妈妈告诉他苹果睡觉了时,他以小苹果可能睡了,但它们的怙恃肯定醒着来反驳妈妈.我们可以看出孩子虽小,却很智慧机智.故选B.【点评】本文是一篇人物故事类阅读,题目涉及多道细节明白题,做题时联合原文和题目有针对 性找出相关语句举行仔细分析,联合选项选出正确谜底.推理判断也是要在抓住关键句子的基础上合理的分析才气得出正确的谜底.
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